Clinical examination of the cardiovascular system

    Although technology has a high profile in cardiology, cardiovascular history and clinical examination remains the cornerstone.

    The visit to the cardiologist begins with a detailed history listing the symptoms , past medical  and drug  history. It also looks for habits that may be responsible for the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (smoking, sedentary life, diet) and the patient’s family history.

    Then it is performed  a complete clinical examination of the cardiovascular system including examination, palpation of the heart and abdomen, taking the pulse, auscultation of the heart, lungs and carotid arteries, as well as examining extremities for the presence of edema.

    Clinical examination is completed by blood pressure measurement and electrocardiogram.